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Industrialization of China's Nano Aerogel Thermal Insulation Materials

2021-08-23 15:34
Industrialization of China's Nano Aerogel Thermal Insulation Materials
 
In 1931, the American Kistler.S. invented aerogel. After that, people continued to make commercial attempts without success. In 2001, the establishment of ASPEN, a company closely related to NASA, opened up a real business sense. In the wave of gel industrialization, the company was listed on the New York Stock Exchange in June 2014.
 
China’s first aerogel commercialization company was established in 2004, and mass sales began in 2010. The domestic aerogel industrialization began a difficult exploration. In 2014, China’s aerogel companies increased to more than 10, and China set off a wave of nanogas The wave of industrialization of gel thermal insulation materials.
 
In 2016, the American company ASPEN initiated patent litigation against two leading domestic aerogel companies, and the industrialization of China's nano aerogel insulation materials slowed down.
 
In 2019, a large coal chemical company in Shanxi was determined to transform into new materials and invested heavily in the aerogel industry. China set off a new wave of aerogel materials investment. By 2021, the production capacity construction plans of many aerogel companies in China have exceeded 50,000 cubic meters, and some companies have even planned an ambitious production capacity target of 200,000 to 400,000 cubic meters. So far, the production and sales of aerogel materials in China have far exceeded those of foreign counterparts. The industrialization of China's nano aerogel insulation materials has finally taken the forefront of the world after about 15 years of hard work.
 
In the industrialization of aerogels in China in 2014 and before, almost all the technology sources were universities or research institutes. As universities and enterprises lacked experience in the industrialization of aerogels, the speed of industrialization in general was not very fast. However, a lot of work has been done in technological improvement, market cultivation, and personnel training, which laid a solid foundation for the next wave of industrialization.
 
The industrialization of China's nano-aerogel insulation materials since 2019 has several obvious characteristics.
First, large-scale enterprise groups with an output value of more than 100 billion yuan have begun to actively intervene. These large-scale enterprises not only have strong funds and abundant talent reserves, but also have very strong resource integration capabilities;
The second is the active involvement of upstream and downstream enterprises in the industry chain, including raw materials, equipment, engineering construction, and downstream end customers;
Third, most of the sources of this round of industrialization technology are aerogel companies that already have a foundation for industrialization, and the technology is more solid. With the support of funds, the pace of expansion has been significantly accelerated;
Fourth, the government's support has been significantly increased. Not only has it given preferential policies in terms of land, taxation, and talent, but its attitude has also changed from more management and control to more services now.
These factors will promote the current wave of aerogel industrialization to a new height.
 
In addition to the rapid increase in scale of China's nano-aerogel insulation material industry, market applications are also rapidly spreading.
In the initial stage, it was mainly concentrated in high-speed rail, oilfield gas injection pipelines, cogeneration and other fields. In recent years, in addition to petrochemicals, electric power and other fields, some emerging markets have been opened up. New energy vehicle power battery fire insulation has become an important growth pole. As the consumption of the home appliance industry continues to increase, there have been some demonstration cases for building energy-saving internal and external wall insulation, and aerogel cold-proof clothing has also begun to be introduced to the market.
 
Especially in the building energy saving and clothing industries promoted in recent years, these two industries are themselves 100 billion-level markets. Although they are just starting, there is still a lot of work to be done. The development of the industry is of great significance.